Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance
Warsaw Pact.png
Motto Union of peace and socialism
Formation 14 May 1955 in Warsaw, Poland
Type Military alliance
Headquarters Moscow, Russian SFSR
Membership Russian SFSR, Belarus, ...
Supreme Commander Pyotr Lushev
Chief of Combined Staff Vladimir Lobov

The Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance, or more commonly referred to as the Warsaw Pact, is a mutual defense treaty between communist states. The founding treaty was established under the initiative of the Soviet Union and signed on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw. Since the fall of Soviet Union, Russian SFSR became the leading nation inside Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact is the military complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON), the economic organisation for the communist states. The Warsaw Pact was a Soviet military response to the integration of West Germany into NATO in 1955, per the Paris Pacts of 1954.


Member states


Political Consultative Committee

The management and coordination of the Warsaw Pact was the task of the Political Consultative Committee (PCC) in its once a year meeting in Moscow, which is represented as "WP-summit", the highest decision making body of the alliance.

The Member States are represented in the PCC by:

  • The first and general secretaries of the Central Committee of the socialist and communist parties,
  • The Head of Government
  • The Foreign Affairs Minister
  • The Defence Minister

In addition, there are also meetings of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Warsaw Pact countries.

Committee of the Defense

From 1969 to the Committee of Defense was formed as a coordinating body for military issues. The committee includes the ministers of defense and military supreme chiefs of the member countries.

Unified High Command

With the founding of the Warsaw Pact in 1955 was taken in accordance with Articles 5 and 6 of the Warsaw Pact, a highly confidential protocol for the establishment of a united command of the armed forces of participating countries. The participating states were required to provide parts of their national armed forces of the united armed forces. At the beginning of the alliance, the Soviet Union was about 75 percent of the staff, the largest contingent, as the other participating countries were still at the stage of construction and modernization of their armed forces. After the fall of Soviet Union and the becoming of Russian SFSR in the leading nation, the Soviet Russian Armed Forces represents about 60% of the staff.

Member country Number of land forces divisions Number of air forces divisions Number of navy fleets
Russian SFSR