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Republic of Vyrodia
Републіка Виродсіиа
Republika Vyrodsiya
Flag of Vyrodia
Coat of Arms of Vyrodia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Vyrodian: Справедєвa крoжeв веру
Spravedjeva krožev veru
Justice through faith
Map of new nation
Location of Vyrodia within the European Union
Light green; disputed territory
Capital Odessa
Official languages Vyrodian
Ethnic groups Vyrodians, Russians, Ukrainians
Demonym Vyrodian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Konstanin Vyslavchenko
Vladimir Grigoryevich
Legislature State Assembly
Establishment
• Kingdom of Vyrodia
1398
• Vyrodian Democratic Republic
December 12, th, 1945
• Current Constitution
December 4 th 1989
Area
• Total
[convert: invalid number]
Population
• 2014 estimate
4,263,411
GDP (nominal) estimate
• Total
$39.698 billion
• Per capita
$9,309
HDI (2014) 0.777
high · 85th
Currency Rouble
Drives on the right
Calling code 932
Internet TLD .vy

Vyrodia (Vyrodian: Виродсіиа; Vyrodsiya) formally known as the Republic of Vyrodia (Vyrodian: Републіка Виродсіиа; Republika Vyrodsiya) is a sovereign state located in Eastern Europe, boarding Ukraine, Moldova and Romania. Its capital and largest city is Odessa, and its total population of 4,263,411 people. Vyrodia is a unitary, parliamentary republic with the president acting as head of state and the prime minister the head of government.

Originally the home to Slavic nomads the modern state of Vyrodia was formed in 1398 when the Kingdom of Vyrodia was formed following the decline of the Golden Horde, with the kingdom being formed from the tribe known as the Vyrodisiya. The Kingdom embraced the Eastern Orthodox religion developing a Slavic culture with vibrant trade across the Black Sea. However in 1548 Vyrodia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, only gaining independence from them in 1882 as the State of Vyrodia. Political instability and a short civil war led to the collapse of the state and the formation of the Holy Imperium of Vyrodia five years later. During World War One Vyrodia was initially unaligned, before siding with the Central Powers in 1915, only to be occupied by Romania a year later. Civil war in Vyrodia against pro-Bolshevik forces led the Tsar Zakarija I to support the Vyrodian Imperial League, taking complete power over Vyrodia under a totalitarian theocracy. Zakarija I oversaw Vyrodia economically develop, but also advocated mass oppression and the genocide of Jews and other groups in Vyrodia.

In 1942 Zakarija I sided with Nazi Germany in World War 2 fighting Soviet forces on the Eastern Front in Ukraine as well as contribute towards the Holocaust of Eastern Europe. Soviet forces occupied Vyrodia in 1944, overseeing the creation of the Marxist-Leninist Vyrodian Democratic Republic. Under its first communist leader, Alexandr Lukščnic, Vyrodia became one of the most brutal and oppressive regimes in the Eastern Bloc. Pro-democracy protests in 1989 saw the overthrow of the communist regime and Vyrodia's transitions towards a capitalist, democratic country.

Vyrodia has struggled economically since democratisation, with shock therapy economics leading to poverty and inequality within Vyrodia. Vyrodia is a member of the United Nations, Council of Europe, European Union, and NATO.

Etymology

History

Early history

Kingdom of Vyrodia

In 1450 Georgian settlers led by Zhordania Dzhugashvili sailed across the Black Sea to Eastern Europe, partly to establish trade relations and partly to escape from the political turmoil that faced the Kingdom of Georgia. The vogue saw many onboard the ships die, with the journey taking over six months. However in 1451 Dzhugashvili arrived at the coast of Eastern Europe, where he set up the port town of Pashvillak. In 1467 a second vogue led by Solomon Erelishi saw more Georgians emigrate to Pashvillak, where the Georgian settlers began to expand mainly as farmers. In 1469 Dzhugashvili crowned himself as the King of Pashvillak, and ordered the settlers to continue expansion into surrounding lands.

The Kingdom of Pashvillak for its first 25 years saw opposition from neighbouring city states, prompting the Georgians to often fight against these city states for control. Despite the odd territorial gains
Akaki II

King Akaki II in 1501

Pashvillak remained isolated with the kingdom facing very little expansion. The ascension of King Akaki II in 1493 saw the Kingdom of Pashvillak change its name to the kingdom of Meskheti, after the southern regions of Georgia. Akaki II saw Meskheti develop a strictly feudal society as well as establish the Meskhetian Orthodox Church. Akaki helped develop Meskheti as an important trading post with Meskhetian goods such as cloths being traded along the Black Sea to the Ottoman Empire and the modern territories of Bulgaria and Romania. During this time Meskheti became militarily weak facing attacks from the Kievian Rus and Kingdom of Poland. This military weakness prompted King Akaki II in 1512 to enforce conscription in Meskheti, creating the first real army of Meskheti.

Despite this Meskheti was still dependent on Ottoman military support to protect it from hostile neighbours. By 1540 Meskheti was almost entirely in the throes of the Ottoman Empire which remained the only state that was willing to support the fledgeling state. Meskheti itself became more isolated as members of the clergy became the dominant figures in Meskhetian society, and principal advisor's to the king. Many of these priests saw the Ottoman empire as a threat due to its strong Islamic traditions, and thus began to advise against forging closer relations.

Ottoman occupation

The coronation of Queen Anya I of Vyrodia in 1542 almost immediately saw relations deteriorate between the Vyrodia and the Ottoman Empire, with Queen Anya seeing the Islamic influence of the Ottomans as a threat to the Eastern Orthodox Church which by this time had become deeply engrained into Vyrodian society. This effectively cut off Vyrodian trading routes with many in Vyrodia living in squalor and poverty. In 1548 the Ottomans invaded Vyrodia taking Tyras relatively quickly. Queen Anya on the advice of the clergy and her lords signed an agreement with the Ottomans, with Vyrodia becoming an Eyalet within the empire.

Early Ottoman rule saw the introduction of Islam to Vyrodia. The Eastern Orthodox Church's role was severely limited under Ottoman rule with Vyrodia's religious traditions being oppressed by the Ottomans. Most unpopular was the Ottoman policy of devşirme which resulted in civil unrest in Vyrodia. This civil unrest caused the Ottomans to enforce harsher measures onto Vyrodia, although resistance still remained in the north of the country where Eastern Orthodox traditions were still practiced as the norm. During this time the Vyrodian language became recorded for the first time, with the language having developed into a significantly different language from the proto-Russian dialects it originated from.

Holy Imperium of Vyrodia

Main Article: Holy Imperium of Vyrodia

The decline of the Ottoman empire in the late 1800's reignited the nationalist and pan-Slavic movements in Vyrodia, with many showing open resistance to the Ottomans through the more frequent use of the Vyrodian language. After civil unrest in the newly created city of Odessa the Ottomans negotiated the Treaty of Ochakiv which saw the creation of the Baronets of Odessa, Budzhak, Mykolaiv and Pervomaisk. Modernisation in the Ottoman empire enabled the rapid increase in the power of the clergy and local aristocrats in Vyrodia, with frequent resistance to Ottoman rule demonstrated resulting in conflict erupting within Vyrodia. 

Bernardo Reyes

Baron Jošef Oschenko, today considered to be the founding father of Vyrodia

In 1880 Baron Jošef Oschenko of Budzhak and Baron Nikolai Klubanvych of Odessa sought aid from Romania and Russia in the Vyrodian Uprising, where the Ottoman empire was pushed out of Vyrodia after two years of conflict with the four Baronets aligning together to fight Ottoman forces. The Slavic vassal state to the Ottoman empire, the Kingdom of Kryve, was divided between Russia and Vyrodia, with much of the northern regions of Kryve being given to the Russia in return for the Russian military support. Upon the independence of Vyrodia a democratic republic was formed, with the first party elected being the Christian Democrat Party led by Oschenko. However factional rivalry and political polarisation primarily between the Christian Democrat and Liberal party's led to the republic being politically unstable especially with constant fighting in the northern regions. In 1887 Vyrodia descended into civil war as the political rivalry reached its peak with Oschenko suspending the constitution of Vyrodia effectively ruling as dictator, and the Church deeming the government to be heretical. The war was mainly fought between republicans led by Oschenko who wished for a democratic secular state and loyalists to the Church led by the House of Klubanvych who saw the republic as illegitimate. The war ended only a year later with the republicans being defeated with Oschenko fleeing to Russia, possibly due to a lack of support from the peasant classes despite Oschenko's popularity. The Holy Imperium of Vyrodia was established with a theocratic absolute monarchy. The Tsar of Vyrodia Nikolai I with strong support from the Church held all power over Vyrodia with there being no formal democratic representation.

Much of the Ottoman traditions were abolished with the fostering of traditional Vyrodian culture promoted. Nikolai I also oversaw the rehabilitation of Vyrodian patriotic figures such as Ivan Borovyk and Rayevskaya II. Even the previously reviled Anya I was romanticised as a staunch Vyrodian nationalist. In 1888 Nikolai I had the government halt industrialisation with a more agrarian society instead implemented. A rather clear hierarchy was established with the church holding an inordinate amount of power. During this period Vyrodia forged extremely close relations to Russia and other Slavic states such as Serbia and Bulgaria.

In 1901 Nikolai II became the Tsar of Vyrodia. Nikolai II implemented the first democratic governmental system in Vyrodia, which consisted of an bicameral legislature with the Prime Minister of Vyrodia serving as the head of government. Church officials served in the Holy Council of Vyrodia, the upper house of the new government and elected representatives in the Congress of Vyrodia. The first elections in Vyrodia were held in 1902 with the Christian Democratic Party winning a majority of the seats, with Pytor Luskensky elected as the first Prime Minister. Nikolai II told the government to embark on rapid industrialisation programs, with Odessa once again becoming a major trading post for Eastern European nations. This industrialisation saw the growth of culture and business in Vyrodia, although it also created a large gap between the increasingly wealthy nobility and clergy and the workers who lived in poverty. The government also encouraged the rapid buildup of the Vyrodian military, seeking to emulate Prussian ideals of militarism and efficiency as adopted by the German Empire as well as there a perceived threat of a Romanian invasion of the Budjak. The government appealed to nationalist sentiment in Vyrodia to gain support, with the Prime Minister Luskensky overseeing the militarisation of Vyrodia. By 1907 Mikhail Orlov became prime minister, and dramatically increased the militarisation of Vyrodia extending national service and buying the newest military equipment from Germany, leading Vyrodia to enter economic stagnation due to the huge build up of military forces coordinated by Orlov. The standard of living steadily dropped, but support for these reforms remained high as they were seen as a logical measure to prevent a foreign invasion.

The declaration of war against Serbia by Austria-Hungary and the subsequent escalation saw Vyrodia remain neutral. Primarily this was due to Russia's declaration of war with Vyrodia fearing that any open alliance with either Russia or Serbia would be seen as a provocation by Austria-Hungary, and that to ally with the Central Powers would prompt an invasion of Vyrodia. Whilst having strong historical links to Russia, Vyrodian nationalists were keen to create a "greater Vyrodia" which would primarily include lands in the Ukraine such as Crimea - as such for the nationalists that ruled Vyrodia siding with the central powers was more logical as it would allow for a "greater Vyrodia" to be created.

Russia's military defeats led Orlov to convince the military to declare alliance to the Central Powers, with Vyrodian forces engaging in warfare with Russian cossacks in late 1915. Vyrodia at first faced several small military victories, but were soon economically isolated. Later in 1916 Romania joined the war by launching the Budjak offensive against Vyrodia, taking over the southern regions of the nation. Vyrodian forces were able to displace the Romanians 14 months later, but were facing economic failure due to its fighting both Russia and Romania. In 1917 Nikolai II died with Zakarija I coming to power as Tsar. Zakarija I encouraged a peace treaty, but Orlov refused to withdraw the Vyrodian military from fighting, causing a political crisis in Vyrodia with very little agreement being made between the government and the church over Vyrodia's status in the war. The October Revolution and the new Bolshevik government saw the Bratske peace agreement where Vyrodia agreed never to threaten or attack the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic in return for Russia to cease hostilities with Vyrodia. Despite this the Romanian front remained critical for Vyrodia, with the nation struggling to oppose Romanian armies. On the 12th September 1918 Orlov was forced to surrender with Romanian forces marching into Odessa. Romania occupied Vyrodia for a year, quelling remaining Vyrodian resistance. Vyrodia itself had been ruined by the war, with the recorded deaths of around 52,400 soldiers with many undocumented. Orlov was blamed for the defeat of Meskheti, and subsequently fled to Hungary.

A
Abraam II

Emperor Zakarija I in 1941.

fter the military occupation by Romania ended in December 1919, Vyrodia democratic elections were scheduled to be held in late 1920. Despite this mass protests were staged in the northern regions, where an increase in food prices and a decrease in wages had led to poverty in the region. The Russian Revolution inspired communist insurgents to proclaim the creation of the Soviet Republic of Mykolaiv, causing civil war in Vyrodia. The Second Vyrodian civil war lasted until July 1920 when anti-communist forces supported by the church and the military took the city of Korgochyan effectively ending the rebellion. Zakaria I had the pro-church, far right nationalist party the Vyrodian Imperial League (more commonly called the Tsazjei) led by Lev Sviatopolski take power to support the monarchy of Vyrodia. Zakarija I implemented fundamentalist and nationalist attitudes to Vyrodian political society, consolidating his power by having various opposition parties such as the Liberal Party outlawed whilst absorbing others like the Conservative Party into the Tsazjei as well as excommunicating several members of church who opposed his politicising of the church. Within four months Zakarija I effectively held all power over the state, enjoying support from the church, the military and subordinates within the Tsazjei. Inspired by Benito Mussolini in Italy, Zakarija I's government oversaw a policy of economic autarky, with heavy industry and agricultural projects encouraged. Zakaria I had the Tsazjei work with private corporations to encourage a self sufficient Meskheti that nevertheless upheld capitalist economics, with Zakarija I banning all socialist, secular, and communist movements. The economy however still struggled with a medium birthrate and a shortage of workers. In 1925 Zakarija I abolished the office of Prime Minister effectively putting the Imperial League under his direct control.
Eugenics

A selection of those deemed "natural criminals" under Zakaria I

During the 1920's Zakarija I oversaw further extent of his power by suppressing culture in Meskheti. Playwright Grigori Kirovchev, musicians the Iaroslavich brothers (who popularised opera and European style classical music in Vyrodia) and film maker Rostislav Viacheslavich who directed and released the first film to be produced in Vyrodia, The Velvet Killer, were all arrested and imprisoned by the government. Zakarija I also was able to shut down many theatres, opera houses and cinemas which were deemed centres of vice. In 1928 Zakarija I banned the speaking of other languages in Vyrodia, and had the paramilitary wing of the Tsazjei, the National Imperial Defence Association, act as his personal secret police force. Oppression towards minorities (such as Jews, Romanians, Muslims and Bulgarians) became widespread with many imprisoned or deported to workhouses. Due to Vyrodia's relative economic isolation the Great Depression did not hugely affect Vyrodia initially. However a rise in poverty and food prices resulted in nationwide riots. Zakarija I cracked down on the protesters brutally, fearing a communist revolution, blaming the poverty on the Slavic peoples, of which he decried as "Bolshevik scum". This encouraged further violence against Slavs in Vyrodia, many of whom were unable to escape from Vyrodia. Zakarija I's rule started to see the rise in eugenics in Vyrodia. Based primarily around the ideas of criminal anthropologist Cesare Lombroso in which a persons physical characteristics could determine if they were a "natural criminal". Those deemed to be natural criminals were seen as animalistic and savage, being often "shot like dogs". Many of those accused of being natural criminals came from the Jewish and Muslim communities in Vyrodia, both of which were murdered in workhouses and by the Tsazjei. Others were reduced to little more then slaves, being made to work in factories with almost no food and dangerous working conditions. Workers were expected to work their full shift with no breaks, with many dying within the factory itself was exhaustion. The rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party promoted Zakarija I to closely align himself with Germany and Italy. As a result of an alliance with Germany Zakaria I had Anti-Semitic propaganda increased in Vyrodia with the concept of the Bolshevik Jew being particular prevalent. 

Soviet liberation

Partisan and Soviet troops march into Odessa

The outbreak of World War Two saw Vyrodia support the Invasion of Poland, with Zakaria I enthusiastically pushing Vyrodia into becoming a member of the Axis. Vyrodia's war effort remained minimal until the launch of Operation Barbarossa in which Zakarija I had much of Vyrodia's armies attack the Soviet Union, breaking the Bratske agreement of 1917. Despite Vyrodia sending troops into the Soviet Union Zakarija I was hesitant to advance further into the USSR, instead imprisoning and executing more Jews. Nevertheless Vyrodian forces were able to regain territories in Ukraine given to Russia in 1917, bringing the Holocaust into those regions. Axis defeats at Moscow, Leninigrad, and Stalingrad forced the Vyrodian government to concede that it was fighting a losing war. Many within Vyrodia led anti-fascist and socialist guerilla campaigns against the fascist government, with Vyrodia soon been fought on two fronts - both by Soviet forces and by its own citizens. The largest of these partisan forces was the Vyrodian Workers' Liberation Brigade led by Alexandr Lukščnic and Yakovlevich Markov.

In January 1944 General Ksawery Romanovich launched a coup against Zakarija I, confining him both to house arrest. In a desperate move to prevent Soviet invasion, the Romanovich military government started to destroy workhouses and factories housing Romanians, Muslims and Jews who were often killed in mass graves and their bodies burnt. The military withdraw its declaration of war against the USSR, but this did not stop the Red Army from marching into Odessa in April 1944 with the assistance of partisan forces, where both Zakarija I and Romanovich were captured. The Soviet occupation saw the imprisonment of many in the imperial regime, who were put on trial for crimes against humanity, genocide, ethnic cleansing, abuse of power and corruption. Many were sentenced to death, although Zakarija I was exiled to Spain by the ruling party. In 1945 following the death of Adolf Hitler and subsequent surrender of Nazi Germany elections were held in Vyrodia, with the Soviet backed Communist Labour Party of Vyrodia (CLPV) winning a majority of the seats in the newly formed People's Assembly, despite accusations of vote rigging. Following this the Holy Imperium of Vyrodia officially ceased to exist, with the new government completing the transition into a Marxist-Leninist state, the Vyrodian Democratic Republic.

Vyrodian Democratic Republic

Main Article: Vyrodian Democratic Republic

Communist rule in Vyrodia began with the nationalisation of Vyrodia's remaining industries as well as purges in order to wipe away the last vestiges of the imperial regime. Communists, socialists, liberals and political dissidents under the imperial government were freed from prisons, with the Churchs power being greatly diminished, although, similarly to the Soviet Union, it was not completely abolished. The general secretary of the CLPV and former partisan leader, Alexandr Lukščnic, followed a strictly pro-Soviet policy, implementing Stalinist elements in his rule with the mass oppression of dissidents and state terror. Between 1946 to the early 1950's Lukščnic was locked in a power struggle with his former cadre Yakovlevich Markov before successfully purging him.

Alexandr Lukščnic

Alexandr Lukščnic, communist leader of Vyrodia from 1946-1965.

Lukščnic oversaw the removal of Soviet troops from Vyrodia, and begun to implement strict Stalinist policies in Vyrodia, with punishing restrictions on freedom of the press and freedom of speech. Government funding towards infrastructure and industrialisation was put into place. The party also committed towards improving education in Vyrodia, with girls being allowed to study for the first time as well as education being available to all. Women were given equal pay to men as was the nations minorities, and the system of universal healthcare was established. Despite this Vyrodia remained a member of Comecon and the Warsaw Pact. Following the 1956 revolution in Hungary, Lukščnic structured Vyrodian foreign policy to be largely subservient to that of the Soviet Union, although Lukščnic privately denounced the policies of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Despite de-Stalinisation being implemented across the Eastern Bloc Lukščnic instead had the Secretariat of National Security was established to monitor the population of Vyrodia extensively, being closely modelled on the Soviet KGB and East German Stasi. A growing personality cult arose around Lukščnic was fashioned, with him styling himself as the Great Leader and Father of the Nation, with Lukščnic being portrayed as a national hero similar to other revered Vyrodian figures like Alexsandre Iosava who has rehabilitated as part of a campaign to foster a greater sense of Vyrodian nationalism. Lukščnic's cult of personality and more authoritarian style of governance greatly impressed leaders such as Ceaușescu who imitated his government around the late 1970's. Similarly Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire, whilst not a communist, also used many of the more extreme Lukščnic's cult of personality. In 1965 Lukščnic was replaced by his deputy Stanislav Svyatopovic. Svyatopovic ushered in some mild reforms, lifting some press restrictions and focusing more on improving living standards, although Vyrodia remained one of the most repressive states in the world.

When the Soviet Union was under leadership of Leonid Brezhnev relations between Vyrodia and the USSR greatly improved, with Svyatopovic establishing further relations with other Eastern Bloc states, most notably Bulgaria under Todor Zhivkov, East Germany under Erich Honecker and Romania under Nicolae Ceaușescu. In 1976 discontent had grown rife regarding the stagnant nature of Vyrodian politics, with corruption starting to become rampant. Svyatopovic worried that the his regime may collapse from the protests or be invaded by the Soviet Union as had been done to Hungary and Czechoslovakia responded by launching the "Vyrodian Cultural Revolution". The Cultural Revolution saw the purge of many within the government as well as oppression starting to be increased as arrests took place across Vyrodia. Following this widespread state terror the population was mobilised to take part in this terror. This caused chaos within the Vyrodian government causing the Soviet Union to sponsor the Internal Coup that ousted Svyatopovic and replaced him with the pro-Soviet Mirsky Slotislav.

The accession of Mikhail Gorbachev to General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and his policies of glasnost and perestroika resulted in a breakdown of relations between the Soviet Union and Vyrodia, with Slotislav refusing to adapt the policies of New Communism to include more political freedoms. Vyrodia became increasingly authoritarian once again as it became isolated from the Soviet Union, forging closer ties with Romania and East Germany. During the revolutions of 1989 following the Tianamen Square Protests pro-democracy protests swept through Vyrodia with many riots against the CLPV's monopoly of government. Others demanded for economic liberalisation whilst socialists called for the party to take a more social democratic position. Slotislav responded by having troops and security forces crack down on the protesters. This crackdown was initially a success with it being predicted that Vyrodia would remain under the control of the communist regime. However further protests in Odessa soon became out of control, with fighting breaking out on the streets, igniting the Vyrodian War.

Slavic-meskhetian war

Vyrodian militants execute a loyalist to the socialist government

Separatists led by the Democratic Slavic Party of Vyrodia in the east of the country proclaimed the "Free Government of Vyrodia" which aimed to overthrow the socialist government centred in Odessa as the government enforced martial law throughout the country with those suspected of being associated with the militant rebels arrested and often tortured by the government. The socialist government was unable to gain support as communism collapsed around Eastern Europe, whilst the rebels was primarily supported by post-Soviet states. The war saw thousands displaced, with nationalist and socialist forces on both sides killing large amounts of the other. In 1991 after two years of fighting the Democratic-Slavic Party and the Communist Labour government signed the Odessa agreement which mandated for democratic elections to be held. The elections were won by the Democratic-Slavic Party who dissolved the People's Republic and declared the Republic of Vyrodia.

Republic of Vyrodia

Following the war neoliberal economic reform was implemented with the welfare state being diminished hugely. This caused nationwide inequality in Vyrodia with the economy struggling to adapt to modern market trends. As more social projects were cut back discontent with the government grew with many being thrown into poverty. Prime Minister Korneli Gotsiridze was widely accused of corruption with political power being concentrated in the hands of a small group of business owners referred to as oligarchs. In 1996 Gotsiridze resigned as Prime Minister after being pressured to do so due to mass public protest after plans to privatise the healthcare system of Vyrodia.

In 1996 the second general elections were held in Vyrodia where the Labour Party of Vyrodia won a majority of seats with Bidzina Dongvani being elected as Prime Minister. Dongvani halted some of the uncontrolled economic reform in Vyrodia, promising to once again implement a welfare state in Vyrodia. Although the minimum wage was increased, largely social security were opposed by a State Council dominated by the Democrats. In 2000 the Democratic-Slavics were able to win although Labour influence within both the State Assembly remained high. Petro Crazsilsic became the Chancellor of Vyrodia. Crazsilsic's premiership saw Vyrodia join NATO following the invasion of Afghanistan when it was under the control of the Taliban, with greater anti-terrorist measures implemented to prevent attacks from radical Islamists in Vyrodia. In 2003 following the Invasion of Iraq and the ousting of dictator Saddam Hussein Vyrodia sent logistical aid and support to coalition forces in Iraq to help stabilise the country from Shiite and Sunni insurgents.

The 2004 elections saw the Labour Party under the new leadership of Elizaveta Doroshevich win the elections by only a narrow margin (8 seats in the Assembly). Doroshevich's tenure was disrupted by protests that demanded the social welfare programs promised by Socialist Party to be implemented and to end corruption in the government. These protests also led to a resurgence in Vyrodian nationalism with the far-right National Bolshevik Party of Vyordia conducting terrorist attacks in Korgochyan. In response to this Doroshevich worked with labour unions to increase wages among workers and cut back of certain government institutions such as the military, with Vyrodia withdrawing all military forces from Iraq in 2007. The global financial crisis of 2008 severely affected Vyrodia with unemployment rising rapidly and wages being cut despite opposition from labour unions, who started to organise strikes in response to lower wages. The 2009 elections saw a staggering victory for the Democratic-Slavic Party with Vladimir Grigoryevich becoming Prime Minister. Grigoryevich greatly diminished the power of labour unions and cut back on areas of the welfare state whilst rejecting strict neoliberal policies. Although stimulating economic growth in Vyrodia this caused manys personal income to stagnate and unemployment to remain largely prevalent in Vyrodia. In 2013 Vyrodia became a member of the European Union along with Croatia, adopting the Euro as its national currency in 2015.

Politics

Government

Tatar president.jpg
Konstantine Lordkipanidze, President of Meskheti
Tatar chancellor.jpg
Vladimer Gogichaishvili, Chancellor of Meskheti

Following the fall of communism Meskheti began the transition from single party socialist rule into a liberal democracy. The Constitution of Meskheti labels the country as a secular, democratic nation. Primarily politics take place within a unitary parliamentary republic with a bicameral legislature. Officially Meskheti is a multi-party state, with the largest two political parties being the Meskheti Democratic Party and the Socialist Party of Meskheti. The second biggest parties are the Christian National Party and the Workers Party of Meskheti. The State Council of Meskheti serves as the upper house of Meskheti whilst the State Congress is designated as the lower house. Meskheti has a three tier judicial system that mainly utilises civil law.

  • The head of state is the President of Meskheti who plays a largely ceremonial role. The President is however the commander-in-chief of the military with the power to declare war, approve and ratify laws, and give pardons. The President also helps appoint members of the State Council. The president is elected every four years through a direct election.
  • The legislative body of Meskheti is divided into two houses - the State Council (upper house) and the State Congress (lower house). The State Council's 81 members are nominated and voted for by the seven elected district councils as well as being subject to review under the President. The State Congress are elected every four years in general elections through a first past the post voting system with universal adult suffrage. The party or coalition that has the most seats in the State Congress forms the official government of Meskheti. There are 81 seats in the State Council and 128 in the State Congress.
  • The executive branch of Meskheti is led by the Chancellor of Meskheti who serves as the head of government. The Chancellor is the leader of the political party that either holds a majority of seats in the State Congress (at least 65) or is the leader of a coalition. The Chancellor is responsible for putting together the Chancellery of Meskheti, a cabinet of ministers who are picked from members of the ruling party in the State Congress by the Chancellor. The Chancellery is responsible for running the majority of government operations in Meskheti.
  • The Judicature of Meskheti mainly consists of a system based around civil system as well as using a three tier court system. The High Court of Meskheti funcitions as the supreme court of Meskheti and is led by the Chief Justice, a position appointed by the senate and approved by the president. Below the High Court stands the District Courts, which are located in the seven districts of Meskheti. Finally there are the magistrate courts of Meskheti which are subdivided into civilian and criminal courts, and are located in most towns and cities in Meskheti.

Political Parties

The main two political parties in Meskheti are the centre right conservative Democratic Party and the centre left social democratic Socialist Party. Generally both of these parties appeal to catch all support from various strands of the Meskhetian right/left wing respectively. Currently the Democratic Party hold the majority of seats in the State Congress at 68 and in the State Council at 45, with the leader of the party Vladimer Gogichaishvili also being the chancellor of Meskheti. The Democratic Party under Gogichaishvili have so far promoted social conservatism, corporatist and nationalist policies showing opposition to the Slavic independence movement and both socialist and neoliberal economic practices.

The Socialist party, currently led by Elisabed Khutsishvili, is the main opposition in the State Assembly having the second largest amount of seats (22 in the State Council, 31 in the State Congress). The Socialist Party generally support social welfare programs, but has been ideologically split in the past between moderate social democrats and more hardline socialists, with the social democrats often being in power.

The two largest minor parties are the Christian National Party and the Workers Party of Meskheti, both of whom have the remaining seats in the State Assemblies along with the Slavic People's Party and independents. The Christian National Party generally appeals to the Christian right in Meskheti being made up of an alliance of Christian parties in Meskheti. Some have commented that the Christian National Party often appeals to nationalist sentiment in Meskheti as well as gaining support from the growing number of neoconservatives in Meskheti. The Workers Party in comparison is mainly made up of former members of the Socialist Workers Party of Meskheti who refused to adopt the social democratic stance of the Socialist Party, instead retaining their Marxist policies. The Workers Party's popularity has only recently propelled them into government thanks to their manifesto often highlighting the success of New Communism, which is still remembered fondly by many Meskhetians. The third minor party in government is the Slavic People's Party, which mainly campaigns to uphold the rights of Slavs in Meskheti through democratic, peaceful means. The Slavic People's Party mainly gets votes from Slavic communities in Meskheti, especially in Pervomaisk.

Minor parties in Meskheti include the Green Party of Meskheti, the Liberal Party of Meskheti, the eurospectic Meskheti First, the far left Communist Party, the Anarchist Party, the far right New Conservative Party, and the Progressive Party. The Slavic Liberation Party which currently makes up the government of Kryve is the largest party banned in Meskheti.

Administrative divisions

Meskheti map
Name Flag Capital
Pervomaisk Chrilebi Korgochyan
Magtian Magtian Or'rebi
Aghsavshi Groslakros Dzhugi
Grozlakros PRFflagalt Asvenabi
Pashvillak Pashvillak Pashvillak metropolitan area
Akhkoltis Akhkoltis Dasaq
Tbeketheobis Tbeketheobis Sazlak

Foreign policy

Meskhetian foreign policy is handled by the Ministry of Foregin Affairs, with Luarsab Khabadze serving as the current Foreign Secretary. Since 1989 has mainly been focussed around further integrating into Europe, with Meskheti having cordial relations with its neighbours Romania, Ukraine and Moldova. Meskheti also has close relations with other ex-Soviet states such as Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. Since the conflict in Kryve and Russian support of Slavic rebels was announced, Meskheti has sought to distance itself from the Moscow government. Meskheti also maintains excellent relations with Georgia, whom they share a common culture with.

Currently Meskheti is part of various international organisations such as the League of Nations, Council of Europe, NATO, WTO, OECD, EEA, OSCE, IAEA, ESA, BSEC, Community of Democratic Choice, and the IMF. In 2013 Meskheti was finally able to enter the European Union, a task that had been a key cornerstone of Meskhetian foreign policy since 1989.

Military

Meskheti military

Meskhetian military in Pervomaisk

Meskheti's armed forces are split into four divisions - the Army, Airforce, Navy and Coastal Guard, all of which answer to the Central Military Committee, a group of high ranking officers who in turn are subordinate to the Ministry of Defence, with the president serving as Commander-in-Chief.

Meskhetian military has mainly be deployed on the Kyrve - Meskheti boarder, with periodic fighting taking place. As of 2015 Meskheti still retains troops in Afghanistan, although since the end of the United States led war they have begun to pull troops out of the country as the Afghan government starts to handle the conflict. Meskhetian military has also provided aid in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Georgia.

Meskheti currently spends 3.6% of its GDP on defence, and has committed to increase spending in the military over the next four years. Prior to the fall of the Soviet Union Meskheti received the majority of its military equipment from the USSR, and still some Soviet era equipment such as the BTR-80 armoured car. Despite this Meskheti has begun to develop its own weapon industry with the manufacture of weapons, ammunition and tanks becoming the main priorities.

Geography

Ukraine-green-valley-450x338

A village surrounded by hill land in the north of Meskheti

Vyrodia has a total land area of 57, 908 kilometres (22, 357 square miles) placing it as smaller then Sri Lanka but larger then Togo. It boarders the Black Sea to the east and south, Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the west and Romania to the south west.

The Dniester river runs through Vyrodia as does the Southern Bug. Part of Europes longest river the Danube runs through Meskheti at the Romanian-Vyrodian boarder. Vyrodia's landscape mostly consists of steppes and plateaus with fertile rural land, hence Vyrodia's large agriculture projects. Vyrodia has a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. February and March are often the driest seasons while June and July are the wettest. The average temperature in Vyrodia around springtime is 11–13 °C.

Economy

Central Bank Meskheto

The Central Bank of Vyrodia

Since 1989 Vyrodia has transitioned away from a Soviet style command economy with central planning into a mixed economy with various degrees of government regulation. As of 2015 Vyrodia has a nominal GDP of $39.698 billion with $9,309 per capita, with a high HDI rating of 0.777. Meskheti uses the rouble as the national currency. As per European Union law Vyrodia must join the EERM and adopt the Euro once it meets the Maastricht criteria. However, Vyrodia has stated that it would take a 3/4 majority in the national legislature for the Euro to be adopted, and has instead discussed the possibility of joining the EERM II instead.

Vyrodia has encountered positive economic growth since the liberalisation of its economy, although poverty and wealth inequality remain prevalent in Vyrodia. From 2004 - 2007 Vyrodia's GDP increased rather rapidly reaching its peak in June 2006 at 6.1%. Since the Great Recession of 2008 the Vyrodian economy has struggled to deal with unemployment and stagnant economic development. To combat this more government regulation has been implemented in Vyrodia whilst cutting back on social welfare programs and taking loans from the IMF. This has resulted in tepid economic growth in Vyrodia although unemployment still stands high at 14%.

Vyrodi's biggest industries are based around oil and gas refinery, agriculture, transportation, telecommunication services and tourism. The primary agricultural exports in Meskheti are maize, sunflowers, barley, sugar beets and wheat. Vyrodian companies also facilitate the building and maintenance of ship yards and railroads.

Demographics

Culture

Vyrodian culture is strongly influenced by the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as the assimilation of elements of Byzantine, Slavic and Ottoman culture. Meskheti is most often associated with its traditions in literature, theatre, music and art. Socially Vyrodian people are generally conservative especially on the topics of LGBT rights and multiculturalism.

Architecture

1894

Church of St Pytor, located in Irtusko

Vyrodian architecture has gone through several distinct periods. The original Slavic tribes and city states that inhabited the region mainly built up architecture partly resembling that of the Kievan Rus. During the time of the Kingdom of Vyrodia architecture resembled that of the Byzantine Empire was a adopted with mosaics, domes, piers and alabaster windows were common features in Vyrodian architecture. The Ottoman Empire also brought new architectural styles to Meskheti with Ottoman architecture consisting of domes, semi domes, columns and Islamic influences
Assembly building Meskheti

Former headquarters of the Secretariat of National Security and a notable example of brutalist architecture in Vyrodia.

being used frequently in Vyrodia. The collapse of the Ottoman empire saw the rise of baroque architecture within Vyrodia combined with Byzantine styles. During the 1920's more modern architectural styles were introduced in urban areas, but these still took a backseat to the more traditional variants.

Following the creation of the Vyrodian Democratic Republic traditional architecture styles were replaced at first with Stalinist architecture, then brutalist architecture. Urban planning contributed to the creation of modern high rise housing blocks, something that had been avoided prior to 1950. Following the collapse of communism in Vyrodia modern styles of architecture (such as postmodern and Neomodern) became popular in Meskheti. However, this resulted in a backlash in the mid 2000's over loss of culture has meant that New Classical architecture has become one of the more dominant forms of architecture in Meskheti.

Literature

Theatre

Meskhetian playwrite

Grigori Kirovchev.

Theatre is highly popular within Vyrodia, with genres spanning from traditional opera to more modern pieces centred around naturalism.

Possibly the most famous Vyrodian playwright and director is Grigori Kirovchev, who pioneered what he coined to be "Alternate Naturalism". This theatrical style combines naturalist acting techniques in surrealist staging often making use of physical theatre. Kirovchev's plays themselves mainly focussed around a nihilistic view of human nature, with critiques of social inequality, but also included general themes of romance, revenge, and faith. Kirochev's most famous plays include One September Evening, Titananicous, Judgement in her duty, and what is widely considered to be his magnum opus, A Toast to the Pious. Other famous Vyrodian playwrights include Viktor Efremnov, Dimitri Ivanovych, Iryna Bilyi, and Oleksandrivna Lyzhychko.

Sport

The most popular sports in Vyrodia are football, basketball, rugby union and wrestling. Football is by far the most popular sport in Vyrodia, with the national men's team even participating in the 2002 FIFA world cup, although they failed to make it past the group stage, winning only against the United States and losing to South Korea and Portugal. Football in Vyrodia is divided into five leagues - the Premier league, the first league, the second league, the third league, and the local leagues. The Premier league consists of the 16 best football clubs in Vyrodia, whilst the first league deals with the 25 next best teams. The second league also has 25 teams as does the third league. Teams advance to higher leagues if they are among the top four in the league at the end of the football season, whilst those at the bottom 4 places in the league are relegated to a lower league.

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